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  • Date :
  • 12/19/2011

Timeline of Iranian History

part 3


1722: Mahmud, a Ghilzai Afghan attacked Iran. He captured Isfahan and ended Safavid rule. Iran lost Afghan territories.


1736: Nadir Afshar deposed the last Safavid claimant to the throne and declared himself the new Shah. He invaded India in 1738. A brilliant military strategist, his reign was very violent and turbulent.


1750: Karim Khan Zand ruled over most parts of Iran. He died in 1779 and his short rule was relatively peaceful and he improved the security.


1783: Empress Catherine II signed a treaty with the ruler of Georgia and made the area a Russian protectorate.


1794: The last Zand ruler was defeated by the leader of the Qajar Oghuz tribes.


1796: Agha Muhammad Khan Qajar declared himself the new Shah and founded the Qajar Dynasty. By his death in 1797 he had managed to consolidate his power and created a powerful central authority.


1813: The Treaty of Gulistan; after a disastrous war with Russia, under this treaty, Iran lost what are now the Republics of Azerbaijan, Daghistan and Georgia for good.


1828: Under the Treaty of Turkmanchi, Iran was forced to cede part of Persian Armenia (modern Erivan and Nakhichevan) to Russia and allow the Russians to have a navy in the Caspian Sea.


1848: Muhammad Shah Qajar dies.


1848: Nasir al-Din Shah assumes the throne with help from his tutor and advisor Amir Kabir. The leaders of the Babi sect announce total independence from Islam and declare Babism a new religion.


1851: The institute of technology the first modern institution of higher learning in Iran opens. Amir Kabir, the reformist prime minister is assassinated by an order from Nasir al-Din Shah. The Babi persecutions continue.


1857: Iran unsuccessfully tries to reclaim Heart from the British. Great Britain imposes the treaty of Paris instead and ends all claims by Iran over territories in Afghanistan.


1872: Nasir al-Din Shah gives a major economic concession to Baron Reuter. The concessions create major uproar in the country.


1878: Russians are employed to train a Cossack regiment. Nasir al-Din Shah opens the first museum in the country and places royal collection on display.


1889: The British-controlled Imperial Bank of Iran opens. The bank prints the first Iranian bank notes.


1890: The start of selling concessions to the foreign powers by the Shah. The first issue of the Newspaper called “Law”‌ (Qanun) is published in London and is smuggled to Iran.


1891: A tobacco concession is made to an Englishman, Major Talbot. The concession is the beginning of civil unrest in Iran.


1892: The Shah is forced to cancel the tobacco concession.


1896: Nasir al-Din Shah is assassinated. His son, Muzzafar al-Din Shah becomes the new king.


1852: Nasir al-Din Shah survives an assassination attempt on his life.


1857: After a failed attempt to regain Heart, the shah is forced by the British to recognize Afghan independence.

Other Links:

Haft Keshvar (7 Countries)-part 1    

History of Ancient Medicine in Mesopotamia & Iran-part 1   

Iran, a Brief History (part 1)    

A – Z of Iran History (A)   

History of Ancient Medicine in Mesopotamia & Iran-part 2   

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