زبان سوم دبیرستان4
توسط : xxl1122

درس چهارم
مصدر با to



لغات درس

And so on = ‌و غيره
Athlete =‌ورزشكار
Attract = جذب كردن
Award= تقديم كردن
Basically = به طور ابتدايي – به طور اساسي
Bathroom = حمام
Bottom= ته – آخر
Boxing = بوكس
Bronze = بزنز
Celebration =‌مراسم – آيين
Committee = كميته – هيئت
Competition = رقابت
Consist of …=تشكيل شده از – شامل
Control = كنترل
Cycle = دوره – چرخه – سيكل
Denmark = دانمارك
Depth = عمق
Encourage = تشويق كردن
Envelope= پاكت نامه
Force=اجبار كردن – زور
Forturn=بخت
Friendship=دوستي
Greece = يونان
Gymnastics= ژيمناستيك
Heat = گرما
Height = ارتفاع
Hold= نگه داشتن
Ice – hockey = هاكي روي يخ
Immediately = فوراً
Include= دربرگرفتن – شامل بودن
Individual=شخص – فرد
Instruction= طريقه استفاده
International=‌ملي
lake= درياچه – استخر
Length= طول
Measure= اندازه
Medal= مدال
Meeting = قرار ملاقات
Olympic = المپيك
Organize = سازمان دهي كردن
Pair = جفت
Permit = اجازه دادن
Place = مكان
Plain = مسطح – هموار
Play a part in = نقش داشتن در
Religious=مذهبي
Serious = جدي
Shelf= طبقه – لايه
Silently = بي صدا
Silver = نقره
Site = جا – مكان
Skating = اسكيت
Skiing= اسكي
Snow – covered = برف پوشيده
So far = تا اينجا – تاكنون
Take part in = شركت كردن در
Team= تيم – گروه
Together = با هم
Weekly = هفتگي
Width= عرض
Win = برنده شدن
Winner=برنده
Wrestle = كشتي گرفتن
Wrestling= كشتي





مصدر با to

 

1) بعد از بعضي از افعال، فعل بعدي به صورت مصدر با to مي آيد. بعضي از اين افعال عبارتند از :

Want – ask – tell – try – promise – forget – agree – decide – plan – like


مانند :

I want to go to cinema this evening.
I forgot to turn off the T.V last night.
I promised to get good marks this year.
I tried to learn fishing last year.

بعضي از اين افعال مي توانند قبل از مصدر با to، مفعول داشته باشند. اين فعل ها عبارتند از :

Want – ask – tell- promise – like – expect

به مثال هاي زير توجه كنيد:
من از او خواستم كه برايم يك راديو بخرد.

I wanted him to buy me a radio.

من از آنجا خواستم كه به من كم كنند.

I asked them to help me.

من به مري گفتم كه تكاليفش را با دقت انجام دهد.

I told mary to do her homework carfully.

من به مادرم قول دادم كه امروز در خانه بمانم.

I promised my mother to stay at home today.

من دوست دارم كه جان انگليسي را ياد بگيريد.

I like John to learn English.

آنها از او انتظار داشتند كه سروقت بيايد.

They expected him to come on time.

ملاحظه مي كنيد كه در اين مثال ها،بعد از فعل، مفعول آمده است و بعد از آن مصدر با to آمده است.



  تمرين : گزينه صحيح را از ميان گزينه هاي داده شده انتخاب كنيد.

 

1- I asked mary ………..the room
1) clean
2) to clean
3) cleaned
4) cleaning

2- My mother advised me …. An over coat on rainy days.
1) wear
2) wearing
3) to wear
4) weared

3- I have a headache, so I …. You to turn the T.v
1)expect
2)invite
3)try
4)forget

4 – I like my new job , so I try …. My best in the office.
1)doing
2)do
3)did
4)to do

5 – she was very tired. She asked me…. Tea.
1) make
2) to make
3) making
4) made

6 – some children are forced ….. that is not suitable or them and they don’t like it.
1) work
2) working
3) to work
4) worked

7 – The …. Of the pool was so great we could not touch the bottom.
1) long
2) deep
3)depth
4)width

8 – The room is three meters…. And four meters wide.
1)deep
2)death
3)long
4)length

9- A …… medal is awarded to the winner of very competition of Olympic.
1) silver
2) cupper
3)bronz
4)gold

10- The teacher expected the students ….. the questions correctly.
1) answer
2) to answer
3)answered
4)answering



  پاسخنامه

 

3

6

2

1

3

7

3

2

3

8

1

3

4

9

4

4

2

10

2

5
دوشنبه 21/3/1386 - 13:24
پسندیدم 0
UserName