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  • 7/31/2004


dFX Interview: Raman Hui

Raman Hui was a supervising animator for both ANTZ and Shrek. Raman Hui started his animation career at Quantum Studios in Honk Kong where he worked as a cel animator. Soon thereafter he moved toCanada where he attended Sheridan College to help increase his experience and knowledge in computer animation. He soon found himself creating hand-drawn animated productions for TV commercials in Toronto. In 1989 Hui started full time at PDI (later acquired by DreamWorks).

Recently, Joe Tracy from Digital Media FX (

dFX) caught up with Raman Hui to specifically discuss the character Princess Fiona in PDI/DreamWorksShrek.

dFX: What were your exact duties as Supervising Animator of PDI/DreamWorksShrek?

Raman Hui: My job was to work very closely with our group of 27 character animators and the directors. The directors and I would come up with ideas and directions for the performances. Then I would work with the animators to achieve the goals. It"s very fun to work with such a great group of talented animators. We"re very close and it"s like a family. Every day we had an hour meeting in the morning for all the animators to show their works and we would talk about the performances and gave comments and suggestions to make the performances stronger. We also had an afternoon session for the animators to show their works at their desks.

dFX:You also worked as a Supervising Animator forANTZ. How did the two differ in terms of challenges, design, and presentation?

Raman Hui: Working environment wise, they"re very similar. I got to work with the same group of animators who also did an amazing job onANTZ. The big difference for us was the huge range of characters we had onShrek. InShrek, we had to animate an ogre, a gigantic dragon, a talking donkey, a very human like princess, a gingerbread man, a puppet and so on... InANTZ, most of the characters were ants. The big challenge was to jump from different characters and still be able to make them all performe together. Sometimes it could be hard when you"re animating a human character and then the next day you might have to work on a dragon. For each character, it took us few months of testing and practice until we felt totally comfortable with the character. The fun part was when we all felt like we knew the characters and we could look at an animation test and said "That"s not Shrek. Shrek would never do that." or "Yes, that"s definitely Shrek."

dFX: It has been widely reported that the initial character design of Princess Fiona was "too real" and had to be "scaled back." What was some of the strategic thinking related to this move and how was the problem handled and resolved?

Raman Hui: The reason we wanted to make Fiona less human like was to make sure she could work well together with the rest of the characters. Since most of the other characters in the movie were fairy tale creatures, we made Fiona less human to blend her into the cast. That also made Shrek and Fiona falling in love visually much more acceptable. We ended up making Fiona"s eyes a bit bigger than a real person and also her skin a bit smoother too.

dFX: So is Princess Fiona"s looks (as a human) based on a real person?

Raman Hui: Princess Fiona wasn"t based on any real person. We did do a lot of different sketches and also a lot of different scupltures. We probably had done over 100 scupltures of Fiona before the directors picked the final design. We also didn"t want to make her too much like Cameron Diaz. We wanted to use Cameron"s voice and a different face but with a touch of Cameron"s body movement to create a totally unique new character.

dFX:The Princess Fiona character did a great job in portraying her attitude, reactions, and emotions. How was this accomplished and what were some of the challenges in accomplishing it?

Raman Hui: We paid a lot attention into details of her movement. When we animated her walk, we made sure that her weight was put on the right side of her body at each steps. We also spent a lot of time on all the little movements on her face so the audience could tell little subtlety of whether her smile was embarrassing or sincere or sarcastic. We had a very complex facial system that totally allowed us to achieve that. We even added very little detail like when she opened her mouth, the corners of her lips would stick together before they"re all opened.

dFX:What did you use for your facial animation system?

Raman Hui: InShrek, we used our own proprietary software to create the facial system. It"s an advanced version of the facial system that we used in ANTZ. We have all the muscles built in her face and that allows us to animate her to very fine details. We had about 500 facial controls in the system.

dFX: It seems that some of Cameron Diaz"s traits (like certain hand movements seen in her interviews) appear as part of the Princess Fiona character. How much of the character is based on the voice artist and did Cameron Diaz act out scenes for the production crew?

Raman Hui: We did look at a lot of the references we taped when Cameron was recording the audio. These references were very inspiring and they always helped us to push our animation. Whenever we saw something that Cameron did and fitted the movement, wewould try our best to capture that in the animation.

dFX: Tell us a little bit about some of the challenges faced in the fight scene that spoofsThe Matrix. How hard was it pull off a the realistic character fighting movements and how was it accomplished?

Raman Hui: We do have animators in our group who know Kung Fu. With that, we could talk about different moves and how we could apply that to the animation. It was really fun to do and actually it might take less time to make a computer generated character to do really good Kung Fu than training a real person to do the same moves.

dFX:Shrek has reached several milestones including the fastest animated film to reach $150 million at the Box Office and it is one of the highest grossing animated films of all time. It received kudos from both critics and audiences who have seen it. In addition, the reach has gone well beyond parents with children. What is the reaction of those who worked onShrek to this continual great news? Did you expectShrek would do this well before it was released?

Raman Hui: We didn"t know what to expect. All we cared about most of the time was to do the best we could with the time we were given. We put a lot of our hearts in the movie and we hoped it showed. It"s very nice and touching to know that the audiences like the movie; especially when we went to watch the movie in a theater. The reactions were so unbelieveable. We"re so happy they like the characters we created. I guess it"s the same feeling when everyone tell you your kid is wonderful and they like your kid.

dFX:Speaking of audience reactions, at showings ofShrek the biggest reactions tend to come from the scene with Fiona and the bird and the scene where Shrek and Fiona turn a frog and snake into balloons. Who devised these creative scenes and are animators allowed to give suggestions to "advance/enhance" scenes they are working on?

Raman Hui: Everything was allowed during the process. We could suggest a lot of ideas while we were animating the movie. Sometimes the ideas worked, sometimes not. What we tried to do was to capture the moment when we analyzed the storyboards, we also had to make sure we had to make the animation as funny as the storyboards if not more. It was challenging and a lot of fun.

dFX: Will we see the human Princess Fiona inShrek 2?

Raman Hui: The truth is, I don"t know. I think it"s too early to tell what"s gonna happen inShrek 2. Would you like to see her?

dFX: I think a lot of people would like to see Princess Fiona back in human form in any sequel - she was a well developed and refined character. Wait... how did I become the interviewee? So, Raman, can you let us in on any hidden PDI references or inside jokes that may have been put into the film?

Raman Hui: There are not many PDI hidden jokes in the movie. But there are times that we may laugh more than the regular audiences because we know the people who did the voices of certain background characters. For instance, Andrew Adamson, director, was the screaming voice of the big head fellow who was greeting people in front of Duloc. Our Head of PDI, Aron Warner, was the voice of the wolf.

dFX: What advise would you give to someone who wants to break into the business and work within the animation industry?

Raman Hui: There"re a lot of colleges and Universities that offer classes in Computer Animation. Good and strong computer animation comes from a lot of practices, if a school offer a lot of equipment and facilities for the students, that will allow them to learn and practice the animation.

I also think the very fundamental elements like drawing and sketching is still very important. One thing that I found very helpful is to appreciate things around me more often. You can be in a bus looking around, you see this child talking to her mother. If you think about animating a character to move like that child, you will realize life is amazing. You have all these natural, spontaneous character movements in front of you everyday. To capture that is a lot of hard work when you animate. Remember that plastic bag in American Beauty? We sometimes look at people around us and studied the movements and characteristics. Please try, you"ll realize it"s amazing.

dFX:Thank you for taking the time to share your insight with Digital Media FX readers. We look forward to your future work at PDI/DreamWorks and onward.

Interview (c) copyright 2001 Joe Tracy / Digital Media FX
All Shrek movie images (c) DreamWorks


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