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  • 12/11/2011

Lakes and Wetlands, Golestan

alagol wetland


Aq Qala Wetland Complex, Atrak

This complex is situated in the southern side of the Atrak River and includes Incheh, Almagol, Alagol, Inchehboroun, Bibi Shirvan, Ajigol, Namak and Daneshmand Wetlands. Their total area is about 1,250 hectares. Some of these wet lands like the Alagol, has been registered and has important biological effects. The distance between the wetlands is short and experiences a warm Mediterranean climate, which has hot-dry summers and mild winters. There are kinds of immigrating birds like swans, geese, heron etc. in these wetlands who spend the winter here.

Its fish are Kouli, Oranje, Simparak and Shishehmahi. These wetland regions present rest houses in a landscape of vast pastures, wildlife, and other tourist facilities.

Caspian Sea (Khazar Sea), Bandar Turkaman

The shore of Caspian Sea with its verdant plain and high mountains is one of the most attractive parts of the Golestan Province and Iran. The Caspian Sea covers an area of 438,000 sq.km., and is the largest lake of the world. Its southern shores from Hussein Qoli Gulf up to Astara in Gilan belong to the Iran oastline. A part of eastern and southern coasts of the Caspian Sea is limited to the Golestan Province.

The sea shore is normally sandy and shallow and in some points it has turned to sandy hills.

The Caspian Sea plays an important role in the northern coastal climate of Iran. The natural beauties of the Golestan coastal regions totally depend on the maintenance of biological conditions of the sea.

 In Golestan Province there are two jetties in Gaz and Bandar Turkaman with transportation and recreational facilities.

Omishan Wetland, Gorgan

The Gomishan Wet Land due to its sparse varieties of hydro-plants is an important and valuable genetic resource for protecting birds, water species and aqueous plants. This wetland is situated 60 km. to the north west of Gorgan, after passing through Gorgan, Bandar Turkaman, Gomishan and Khajeh Naphas village.

Over 20 kinds of fish and 100 kinds of bird species can be found here which is considered to be one of the interesting manifestations of the Gomishan Wet Land. This wet land is a recreational and educational area and annually attracts many visitors in all seasons.

Gorgan Gulf, Gorgan

The Gulf of Gorgan is the largest Gulf in the Caspian Sea. It has been created due to the expansion of Mian Kaleh peninsula in southeast of the Caspian Sea. The Gulf of Gorgan covers an area of about 400 km. and its length is about 70 km. in an east-west direction. Its maximum depth is 4 meters and this depth increases from west to east till the southern side of Ashoura Deh peninsula. In the western part its salinity is more than salinity of the Caspian Sea because of its reducing depth and increase of evaporation.

Due to the presence of sweet water of the gushing rivers like Qarah Soo, the salinity of water is reduced and the water becomes muddier. Generally the water entrance capacity is less than its exit and its water shortage is supplemented by the Caspian Sea.

Source: chnpress.com

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