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فهرست اسامی برندگان جوایز نوبل ( بر حسب سال)

فهرست اسامی برندگان جوایز نوبل (بر حسب نام)

2002
IMRE KERTÉSZ

ایمر کرتز  

(*1929, Hungarian)مجارستانی
for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history

2001
VIDIADHAR SURAJPRASAD NAIPAUL

ویدیادار سوراج پراساد نایپول

(*1938, British of West Indian descent)   انگلیسی هندی تبار

for his narrative art and universal contemplation of the world in his works, forcing his readers to see the presence of the repressed history. 

2000
GAO XINGJIAN
جیانگ زیان ژائو

(*1940, French of Chinese descent)چینی

for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama. 

1999
GUNTER GRASS

گونتر گراس

(*1927, German)آلمانی

whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history.

1998 
JOSE SARAMAGO

خوزه ساراماگو
(*1922, Portuguese) پرتغالی
who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality.

1997
DARIO FO

داریو فو
(*1926,  Italianایتالیایی(

who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden.

1996
WISLAWA SZYMBORSKA

ویسلاوا زیمبورسکا
(*1923, Polish) لهستانی

for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality.  The stamp is engraved by Czeslaw Slania. 

1995
SEAMUS HEANEY

شیموس هینی
(*1939, Irish)ایرلندی

for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past.

1994
KENZABURO OE

کنزابورو اُئه
(*1935, Japanese) ژاپنی

who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today.

1993
TONI MORRISON

تونی موریسون
(*1931, American) آمریکایی

who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import gives life to an essential aspect of American reality. Stamp issued by Sweden 1993.

1992
DEREK WALCOTT

دِرِک والکوت
(*1931, Saint Lucia)
اهل سنت لوچیا

for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment. 
The stamp is engraved by Czeslaw Slania and issued by Sweden 1992.

1991
NADINE GORDIMER

نادین گوردیمر
(*1923, South African) اهل آفریقای جنوبی

who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity.  Nadine Gordimer has spent her whole life fighting the apartheid system and its social injustices in novels, short stories and essays. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1991.  The stamp was engraved by Czeslaw Slania and was issued in 1998.

1990
OCTAVIO PAZ

اکتاویو  پاز
(1914-1998, Mexican) مکزیکی

for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity.

1989
CAMILO JOSÉ CELA

کامیلو خوزه سلا
(1916-2002, Spanish) اسپانیایی

for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man"s vulnerability.

1988
NAGUIB MAHFOUZ

نجیب محفوظ
(*1911, Egyptian)مصری

who, through works rich in nuance-now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous, has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind.

1987
JOSEPH BRODSKY

جوزف برودسکی
(1940-1996, American of Polish origin) آمریکایی

for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity.

1986
WOLE SOYINKA

وول سوئینکا
(*1934, Nigerian) نیجریه ای

who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence.

1985
CLAUDE SIMON

کلود سیمون
(*1913, French)فرانسوی

who in his novel combines the poet"s and the painter"s creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition.

1984
JAROSLAV SEIFERT

یاروسلاو سیفرت
(1901-1986, Czechoslovak)اهل چک و اسلواکی

for his poetry which endowed with freshness, sensuality and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man.

1983
SIR WILLIAM GOLDING

سرویلیام گولدینگ
(1911-1993, British)انگلیسی 

for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today.

1982
GABRIEL GARCÍA MÁRQUEZ

گابریل گارسیا مارکز
(*1928, Columbian) کلمبیایی

for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent"s life and conflicts.

1981
ELIAS CANETTI

الیاس کانتی
(1905-1994, British of Bulgarian descent) انگلیسی ، بلغاری تبار

for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power.

1980
CZESLAW MILOSZ

سِسلام میلوز
(*1911, American of Polish descent) آمریکایی، لهستانی تبار

who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man"s exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts.

1979
ODYSSEUS ELYTIS

اودیسئوس الیتیس
(1911-1966, Greek)یونانی
(pen-name of ODYSSEUS ALEPOUDHELIS)

for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man"s struggle for freedom and creativeness.

1978
ISAAC BASHEVIS SINGER

آیزاک سینگر
(1904-1991, American)آمریکایی

for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life.

1977
VICENTE ALEIXANDRE

 ویچینته الکساندر
(1898-1984, Spanish)اسپانیایی

for a creative poetic writing which illuminates man"s condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars.

1976
SAUL BELLOW

سائول بلو
(*1915, Canadian) کانادایی

for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work.

1975
EUGENIO MONTALE

اوژینو مونتال
(1896-1981, Italian) ایتالیایی

for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions.

1974
The prize was divided equally between:

EYVIND JOHNSON

ایویند جانسون

  (1900-1976, Swedish)سوئدی
for a narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom, and

HARRY MARTINSON

هری مارتینسون

  (1904-1978, Swedish)سوئدی
for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos.

The stamps were engraved by Czeslaw Slania and issued 1994.

1973
PATRICK WHITE

پاتریک وایت
(1912-1990, Australian) استرالیایی

for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature.  The stamp to the left is the official Nobel stamp, issued by Sweden 1985, and shows an illustration to one of his novels.

1972
HEINRICH BÖLL

هاینریش بل
(1917-1985, German)آلمانی

for his writing which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature.

1971
PABLO NERUDA

پابلو نرودا
(1904-1973, Chilean) شیلی

for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent"s destiny and dreams.

1970
ALEKSANDR ISAEVICH SOLZHENITSYN

الکساندر ایسائه ویچ سولز نیتسین
(*1918, Russian) روسی

for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature.

1969
SAMUEL BECKETT

ساموئل بکت
(1906-1989, Irish) ایرلندی

for his writing, which - in new forms for the novel and drama - in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation.  The stamp to the left was issued 1994 by his native Eire.

1968
YASUNARI KAWABATA

یاسوناری کاواباتا
(1899-1972, Japanese) ژاپنی

for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind. The stamp to the right is the official Nobel stamp issued by Sweden 1985, and shows an illustration to one of his novels.

1967
MIGUEL ANGEL ASTURIAS

میگل آنخل آستوریاس
(1899-1974, Guatamala) گوآتمالایی

for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America.  The stamp to the left is the official Nobel stamp issued by Sweden 1985, and shows an illustration to one of his novels.


1966
The prize was divided equally between:

SHMUEL YOSEF AGNON

 شموئل جوزف اِنون
(1888-1970, Israeli) اسرائیلی

for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people, and

NELLY SACHS

نِـلی سَچز
(1891-1970, Swedish) سوئدی

for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel"s destiny with touching strength.

1965
MICHAIL ALEKSANDROVICH SHOLOKHOV

میخائیل الکساندرویچ شولوخوف
(1905-1984, Russian) روسی

for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people.

1964
JEAN-PAUL SARTRE

ژان پل سارتر
(1905-1980, French) فرانسوی

for his work which, rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a farreaching influence on our age. (Declined the prize.)

1963
GIORGOS SEFERIS

گیورگیوس سِفِریس
(1900-1971, Greek), مصری
(pen-name of GIORGOS SEFERIADIS),

for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture.

1962
JOHN STEINBECK

جان اشتین بک
(1902-1968, American) آمریکایی

for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception.

1961
IVO ANDRIC

آیوو آندریک
(1882-1975, Yugoslavian)یوگسلاوی

for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country.

1960
SAINT-JOHN PERSE

سنت جان پرس
(1887-1975, French) فرانسوی
(pen-name of ALEXIS LÉGER),

for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time.

1959
SALVATORE QUASIMODO

سالواتوره کازیمودو
(1901-1968, Italian) ایتالیایی

for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times.

1958
BORIS LEONIDOVICH PASTERNAK

بوریس لئونیدوویچ پاسترناک
(1890-1960, Russian)روسی

for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition. (Accepted first, later caused by the authorities of his country to decline the prize). 
His best known novel was "Dr. Zhivago").

1957
ALBERT CAMUS

آلبر کامو
(1913-1960, French)
فرانسوی

for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times.

1956
JUAN RAMÓN JIMÉNEZ

خوآن رامون ژیمنز
(1881-1958, Spanish)اسپانیایی

for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity.

1955
HALLDÓR KILJAN LAXNESS

هالدورکیلیان لاکس نس
(1902-1998, Iceland) ایسلندی

for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland.  The stamp to the right is the official Nobel stamp for Laxness and was issued by Sweden 1985.  It shows an illustration to one his literary works.

1954
ERNEST MILLER HEMINGWAY

ارنست همینگوی
(1899-1961, American) آمریکایی

for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style.

1953
SIR WINSTON LEONARD SPENCER CHURCHILL

سروینستون لئونارد اسپنسر چرچیل
(1874-1965, British) انگلیسی

for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values.

1952
FRANÇOIS MAURIAC

فرانسوا موریاک
(1885-1970, French)
فرانسوی

for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life.

1951
PÄR FABIAN LAGERKVIST

پار فابین لاگرکویست
(1891-1974, Swedish) سوئدی

for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind.

1950
EARL BERTRAND ARTHUR WILLIAM RUSSELL

ارل برتراند آرتور ویلیام راسل
(1872-1970, British)
انگلیسی

in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought.

1949
WILLIAM FAULKNER

ویلیام فالکنر
(1897-1962, American) آمریکایی

for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel.  The stamp to the right is the official Nobel stamp for Faulkner, issued by Sweden in 1985.  It shows an illustration to one of William Faulkner"s literary works.

1948
THOMAS STEARNS ELIOT

توماس استرنز الیوت
(1888-1965, British)
انگلیسی

for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry.

1947
ANDRÉ PAUL GUILLAUME GIDE

آندره پل گیوم ژید
(1869-1951, French)
فرانسوی

for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight.

1946
HERMANN HESSE

هرمان هسه
(1879-1962, German) آلمانی

for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humaitarian ideals and high qualities of style.  Stamp issued by Germany 1978.

1945
GABRIELA MISTRAL

گابریلا میسترال
(1889-1957, Chilean) شیلیایی
(pen-name of LUCILA GODOY Y ALCA-YAGA),

for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world.

1944
JOHANNES VILHELM JENSEN

یوهانس ویلهلم جنسن
(1873-1950, Danish) دانمارکی

for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style.

for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style.


1943-1940
The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section.

1939
FRANS EEMIL SILLANPÄÄ

فرانس ایمیل سیلانپا
(1888-1964, Finnish)
فنلاندی

for his deep understanding of his country"s peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature.

1938
PEARL BUCK

پرل باک
(1892-1973, American) آمریکایی
(pen-name of PEARL WALSH née SYDENSTRICKER ),

for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces.

1937
ROGER MARTIN DU GARD

راجر مارتین دو گارد
(1881-1958, French)فرانسوی

for the artistic power and truth with which he has depicted human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life in his novelcycle Les Thibault.

1936
EUGENE GLADSTONE O"NEILL

یوجین گلادستون اونیل
(1888-1953, American)آمریکایی

for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy.


1935
The prize money was allocated to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3) of this prize section.

1934
LUIGI PIRANDELLO

لوئیجی پیراندللو
(1867-1936, Italian)ایتالیایی

for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art.

1933
IVAN ALEKSEYEVICH BUNIN

ایوان آلکسیه ویچ بونین
(1870-1953, stateless domiciled in France)فرانسوی

for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing.

1932
JOHN GALSWORTHY

جان گالز ورثی
(1867-1933, British)انگلیسی

for his distinguished art of narration which takes its highest form in The Forsythe Saga.

1931
ERIK AXEL KARLFELDT

اریک آکسل کارلفلد
(1864-1931, Swedish) سوئدی

Erik Axel Karlfeldt"s name is mainly associated with Fridolin, his alter ego, e.g. in the book of verse "Fridolin´s Pleasure garden". Karlfeldt was elected to the Swedish Academy in 1904 and became its Permanent Secretary in 1912. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature posthumously in 1931. The stamp was engraved by Czeslaw Slania and issued 1994.

1930
SINCLAIR LEWIS

سینکلر لویس
(1885-1951, American)آمریکایی

for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters.

1929
THOMAS MANN

توماس مان
(1875-1955, German)آلمانی

principially for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature.  Stamp issued by Germany 1978.

1928
SIGRID UNDSET

سیگرید آندرسِت
(1882-1949, Norwegian)
نروژی

principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages.

The portrait of the author Sigrid Undset painted in 1911 by her husband Anders Castus Svarstad.   Sigrid Undset early stood up against the Nazism and had to live in USA during the German occupation of Norway.

1927
HENRI BERGSON

هنری برگسون
(1859-1941, French)فرانسوی

in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brillant skill with which they have been presented.

1926
GRAZIA DELEDDA
گرازیا دِلـِدا

(1871-1936, Italian) ایتالیایی
(pen-name of GRAZIA MADESANI née DELEDDA)

for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general.

1925
GEORGE BERNARD SHAW

جورج برنارد شاو
(1856-1950, British)
انگلیسی

for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity, its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic beauty.  The stamp to the left was issued 1994 by his native Eire.

1924
WLADYSLAW STANISLAW REYMONT

ولادیسلاو استانیسلاو ریمونت

(1867-1925, Polish)لهستانی
(pen-name of REYMENT)

for his great national epic, The Peasants.

1923
WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS

ویلیام باتلر ییتس
(1865-1939, Irish)
ایرلندی

for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation.  The stamp to the left was issued 1994 by his native Eire.

1922
JACINTO BENAVENTE

جاسینتو بناونت
((1866-1954, Spanish)
اسپانیایی

for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama.

1921
ANATOLE FRANCE

آناتول فرانس
(1844-1924, French)فرانسوی
(pen-name of JACQUES ANATOLE THIBAULT),

in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament.

1920
KNUT PEDERSEN HAMSUN

کنات پدرسون هامسون
(1859-1952, Norwegian) نروژی

was awarded the 1920 Nobel Prize in Literature for a specific book:  his monumental workGrowth of the Soil, published in 1917.  Hamsun was then at the peak of his literary career. In his powerful novel about the successful struggle of a Norwegian pioneer tilling his soil, earthiness and primitive life were glorified.  Stamp issued 1980.

1919
CARL FRIEDRICH GEORG SPITTELER

کارل فریدریش گئورگ اسپیتلر
(1845-1924, German) آلمانی

showed contrasting aspects even in his early writings: misanthropy and defiance as against visionary, humoristic imagination. He was awarded the 1919 Nobel Prize in Literature for his monumental work "Olympischer Frühling" issued in two volumes 1900 - 1904 and revised in 1910.  The work comprises 600 pages of verse about the gods and heroes of the Olympus, their agonies and their exploits.  Stamp issued 1979.


1918
The prize money for 1918 was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

مبلغ جایزه ی سال 1918 به «بودجه ی ویژ» این بخش جایزه اختصاص یافت.

1917
The prize was divided equally between:
KARL ADOLPH GJELLERUP

کارل آدولف گِلـِه روپ
(1857-1919, Danish) دانمارکی

first studied theology and even took a degree, but he was later to maintain a negative attitude towards Christianity. His first published short story was "An Idealist" (1878). Then followed ardently radical poetry, e.g. "Haw-thorn" and also "Spirits and Times." In later life Gjellerup became fascinated by Buddhism, its teachings of Wisdom and achievements of Nirvana.

HENRIK PONTOPPIDAN

هنریک پونتوپیدان
(1857-1943, Danish), دانمارکی

began by studying engineering but never took a degree. Pontoppidan is Denmark´s great epic writer. He has no equal in Scandinavia as a describer of people and contemporary spiritual history. His main works are the triology "The promised land" and "Happy Peter." Gjellerup and Pontoppidan won the 1917 Nobel Prize in Literature.  The stamp was issued 1977.

1916
CARL GUSTAF VERNER VON HEIDENSTAM

کارل گوستاو  ورنر فن هایدنستام

in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature.  The Swedish poet VERNER von HEIDENSTAM was the only Nobel Prize winner in 1916 (Literature). The stamp shows his characteristic, birdlike profile against a background of the glittering waters of Lake Vättern, which inspired much of Heidenstam"s poetry.  The stamp was issued 1976.

1915
ROMAIN ROLLAND

رومن رولان
(1866-1944, French) فرانسوی

studied literature, music and philosophy. His lectures on the history of music at Sorbonne attracted great attention. His major work was "Jean-Christophe", a novel series in ten volumes, which he wrote from 1904 to 1912 and it was "Jean-Christophe" that won him the 1915 Nobel Prize in Literature "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings."  The stamp was issued 1975.


1914
The prize money for 1914 was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

مبلغ جایزه سال 1914 به «بودجه ی ویژه» این بخش جایزه اختصاص یافت.

1913
RABINDRANATH TAGORE

رابیند رانات تاگور
(1861-1941, Indian)هندی

because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.  The stamp was issued 1973.

1912
GERHART JOHANN ROBERT HAUPTMANN
گرهارد یوهان رابرت هاپتمن

(1862-1946, German) آلمانی

primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art.  The German stamp (left) was issued 1978, and the Swedish stamp (right) was issued 1972.

1911
COUNT MAURICE (MOORIS) POLIDORE
MARIE BERNHARD MAETERLINCK

کنت موریس پولیدور ماری برنارد مترلینک
(1862-1949, Belgian), بلژیکی

in appreciation of his manysided literary activities, and especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers" own feelings and stimulate their imaginations.  The stamp was issued 1971.

1910
PAUL JOHANN LUDWIG HEYSE

پل یوهان لودویگ هـِیسه
(1830-1914, German) آلمانی

as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories.  The stamp was issued 1970.

1909
SELMA OTTILIA LOVISA LAGERLÖF

سِلما اوتیلیا لویزا لاگرلوف
(1858-1940, Swedish) سوئدی

in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings.  The stamp was issued by Sweden 1969.

1908
RUDOLF CHRISTOPH EUCKEN

رودولف کریستف اِکِن
(1846-1926, German)آلمانی

in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life.  Mr. Eucken to the right.  The stamp was issued by Sweden 1968.

1907
RUDYARD KIPLING

رودیارد کیپلینگ
(1865-1936, British) انگلیسی

in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author.  Mr. Kipling to the right.  The stamp issued by Sweden 1967.

1906
GIOSUÈ CARDUCCI

جایسو کارداچی
(1835-1907, Italian) ایتالیایی

not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces. Mr. Carducci to the right.  The stamp was issued by Sweden 1966.

1905
HENRYK SIENKIEWICZ

هنریک سینکیه ویچ
(1846-1916, Polish) لهستانی

because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer.  Mr. Sienkiewicz is the person to the right.  The stamp was issued by Sweden 1965.

1904
The prize was divided equally between:
JOSÉ ECHEGARAY Y EIZAGUIRRE

 جوزه اکه گری ایزاگویر
(1832-1916, Spanish) اسپانیایی

in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama.  The person to the left.

FRÉDÉRIC MISTRAL

فردریک میسترال
(1830-1914, French)فرانسوی

in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist.  The person in the middle.  The stamp was issued by Sweden 1964.

1903
BJØRNSTJERNE MARTINUS BJØRNSON

بیورنسترن مارتینوس بیورنسون
(1832 - 1910, Norwegian)نروژی

as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit.  Mr. Bjørnson is the person in the front.  The stamp was issued by Sweden 1963.

1902
CHRISTIAN MATTHIAS THEODOR MOMMSEN

کریستین ماتیاس تئودور مومسن
(1817-1903, German) آلمانی

the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A history of Rome.  Mr. Mommsen to the left.  The stamp was issued by Sweden 1962.

1901
SULLY PRUDHOMME

سالی پرودوم
(pen-name of RENÉ FRANÇOIS ARMAND ), (1839-1907, French), فرانسوی

in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect.  "in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect."  Mr. Prudhomme is the second person from the left.  The stamp was issued by Sweden 1961.

ده رویداد شاخص ادبی سال 2010

ده رویداد شاخص ادبی سال 2010

ده رویداد شاخص ادبی سال 2010
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